Kaitiaki-centred business models: Case studies of Māori marine-based enterprises in Aotearoa NZ
This report describes case studies representing different business models: ACE (annual catch entitlement) trading company, joint venture or iwi fishing company.
It examines aspects of their operations that have a resonance with kaitiaki-centred business models. The case studies are:
- Ngāi Tahu Seafoods – a large iwi fishing company
- Moana New Zealand – the largest Māori-owned fishing company
- Iwi Collective Partnership – a collective of iwi fisheries organisations
- Ngāti Kahungunu – a tribe with a range of fisheries assets
- Whakatōhea – an iwi with aquaculture and fisheries interests
- Aotearoa Clams – a Māori-owned startup fishing company
Some kaitiaki-centred models or approaches are formalised within Māori fishing businesses while others emerge out of informal governance arrangements that reduce take for long-term sustainability.
These case studies suggest that where Māori have more control they manage things better. This in turn suggests that the Māori marine economy would benefit if kaitiaki-centred business models were recognised and formalised to allow fishers to control the quota allocation process and set their own boundaries.