• Academic publication

Environmental impact assessments for deep-sea mining: can we improve their future effectiveness?

Clark, M.R.; Durden, J.M.; Christiansen, S. (2018)
Marine Policy

  • Shortcomings in environmental impact assessments for deep-sea mining are identified.
  • Recommendations are made for how to improve the science underpinning EIAs.
  • Higher quality EIAs will increase their uptake by managers and their effectiveness in decision-making.
  • Scientific studies are key to the EIA process, but final decision-making is a complex evaluation of environmental, social, economic and political components.

Seabed mining, Environmental impact assessment, Environmental management, Deep sea, Impacts